The EVOLUSION ARROWS safety guide gives advice for handling carbon arrows, in five key areas:
• PERSONAL ARROW SAFETY • ARROW INSPECTION • ARROW SELECTION • ARROW CUTTING • BOW SAFETY •
PERSONAL ARROW SAFETY
Carbon arrows are not toys! The fibres from a damaged carbon arrow can cause injury.
As a participant in archery, you need to make yourself, and anyone in your care, aware of the safety precautions that are essential to reduce risk of injury. Anyone who requires additional help or the aid of an adult because of age, physical or mental capacity must always be supervised by a responsible adult when participating in archery or handling any carbon arrow.
Bystanders must be behind and away from any person using or shooting an arrow with a bow.
DO NOT ALLOW CHILDREN TO USE OR HANDLE A DAMAGED CARBON ARROW.
Evolusion Arrows recommends the use of protective eye-wear and a suitable heavy-duty arm guard when shooting any arrow from any bow.
Evolusion Arrows recommends the use of bow-hand protection to reduce the possible risk of injury to the hand gripping the bow if a damaged arrow should fail.
Products like the Shooting Edge ProTx Hand Guard may provide suitable bow-hand protection.
However, the best protection is to be vigilant with arrow inspection and careful with arrow selection and bow safety as outlined in this safety guide.
Inspect each NEW arrow or shaft before its first use. Damage can occur during international shipping, handling and local transport. Small irregularities in the carbon can cause arrow failure.
You should carefully inspect the entire arrow including shaft, nock, and other components for any damage before every shot.
At a glance, arrows may appear undamaged. Close inspection is vital. Any part of the arrow can become damaged with normal use.
Damage to an arrow can affect performance and may lead to arrow failure, which may cause serious or permanent bodily harm to the user or bystanders.
If you are shooting competition events or shooting groups of in your practice butt, your arrows are likely to be struck or grazed by other arrows. Cracks, chips, grazes or splits may be present if the arrow has struck a hard object or surface, like another arrow, a hard or sun-aged target, a tree, the ground or rock, animal bone, or a lost arrow point embedded in a target.
HOW TO INSPECT AN ARROW
Wear eye protection when inspecting arrows.
Check the entire arrow shaft for any visible imperfections, cracks, nicks, grazes or splits. Grip the arrow shaft at each end and flex the shaft away from your face, creating an arc of approximately 4 cm. Listen for any cracking, ticking or other sounds. Repeat several times, rotating the shaft slightly between each flex. Then twist the arrow shaft and listen for any cracking, ticking or other sounds.
If you hear ANY sound produced during the inspection process, DISCARD THE ARROW in a responsible manner.
Inspect the nock before each shot. A damage-free nock is also vital for arrow safety. Responsibly discard a cracked or loose-fitting nock.
Correct arrow spine selection is very important!
Arrow safety starts with the proper arrow selection.
SHOOTING AN UNDER-SPINED (WEAK) ARROW CAN SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASE THE RISK OF ARROW FAILURE.
Always refer to the Evolusion Arrows spine selection chart.
Find the Evolution Arrows spine chart here.
The spine selection chart matches your specific draw weight and arrow length to the correct arrow spine.
DO NOT shoot a weak spine arrow to gain arrow speed!
The excessive stress on an under-spined carbon arrow shaft greatly increases the risk of arrow failure and serious or permanent injury to you or bystanders.
Evolusion Arrows advises that any carbon arrow with a finished arrow weight of less than 5 grains per pound for your bow draw weight is at risk of arrow failure.
Only shoot your own arrows!
Never use an arrow if you are unaware of the history of its usage. A second hand or unfamiliar arrow may have hidden damage that may present a safety risk to you the user and any bystanders.
Never use an arrow that is not suitable for your bow draw weight, bow draw length, bow IBO or ASA speed rating, bow tune, chosen arrow point weight or your style of shooting. It is your responsibility to know if the arrow you intend to use is suitable for your bow specifications, set-up and purpose.
Always use a high-speed arrow saw with an appropriate dust extraction system that is purpose-built for cutting carbon shafts and arrows. Do not use a hacksaw, pipe-cutter or any hand-held tool to cut any carbon shaft.
ALWAYS WEAR EYE PROTECTION and a P3 (OR BETTER) PARTICULATE FILTER MASK WHEN CUTTING ANY CARBON SHAFT or ARROW.
When using a bow equipped with an overdraw, the risk of injury to the shooter is high, since it allows the point of the arrow to be drawn past the shelf of the bow. An arrow should always be cut to a minimum of 1.5 inches in front of the arrow rest at full draw.
Using arrows that are too short can result in severe injury or damage to shooting equipment. Correct arrow length is the responsibility of the user.
ARROW REST SAFETY
It is important to ensure that the arrow rest is properly adjusted to fit the diameter of the arrow shaft being used.
Incorrect adjustment may cause the arrow to fall from the arrow rest and/or get jammed in the bow, possibly injuring the shooter or bystanders, and causing damage to equipment.
If finger shooting, make sure your bow is designed for finger shooting, and is set up with an arrow rest specifically designed for finger shooting.
Seek advice from an archery coach, your local club, experienced archers, or reputable online sources about correct bow grip, draw length and draw weight. Poor shooting technique (form) in extreme cases can lead to bow torque, string derailment and arrow failure.
BOW MAINTENANCE AND TUNING
A bow that is not maintained or correctly tuned can exert abnormal forces on a carbon arrow. Poor cam timing, string or d-loop condition, or incorrect draw weight and draw length, can contribute to bow or arrow failure.